The Elements of a Tent

A tent consists of many individual components which form a functional unit and should be precisely matched to each other. The choice of materials and functionality depends on your needs and personal preferences.


In the inner tent, the tent’s microclimate and vapor permeability are particularly important, as this is the actual sleeping area of the tent. Fine mesh fabrics (polyamide, polyester) and strong ripstop fabrics ensure a comfortable microclimate. Moisture can escape quickly and, at the same time, there is sufficient protection from condensation. A mosquito net at the entrance also keeps annoying insects out. Ripstop fabrics help ensure that your tent walls stay taut and ensure the best use of space.

Our assortment includes both inner tents with very airy material, for warm temperatures, and with thicker material. The latter is particularly suitable for cool temperatures and, due to its density, minimises the dripping of condensation into the interior.


The outer tent primarily fulfils the function of weather protection. The materials and coatings used depend on the intended use of the tent. When making your choice, bear in mind that additional layers on a material increase the weight and volume.

In the following, we have summarized all coating and material variants of our outer tents with their advantages:

In the following, we have summarized all coating and material variants of our outer tents with their advantages:


Polyurethane (PU) is a synthetic polymer with strong water-repellent properties. Materials with a PU coating are permanently waterproof and offer higher abrasion resistance. Nevertheless, they are still breathable which helps reduce condensation. When choosing an outer tent with a PU coating, keep in mind that the synthetic finish will increases the total weight and pack size of the tent.

Silicone / PU coatings

A triple silicone coating (Si) on the outside of the outer tent provides increased tear resistance, UV resistance and water beading effect. At the same time, the polyurethane coating (PU) on the inside ensures optimum comfort thanks to reduced condensation.

Silicone / silicone coating

A silicone coating can be applied to the inside and outside of nylon tent fabrics. It provides a high level of protection against harmful UV radiation and allows raindrops to simply bead up and roll off the outer surface. It also increases the fabric’s tear resistance, extends the service life of the tent and is a lightweight treatment.

With a siliconized tent fly, you should make sure your tent is well ventilated, otherwise condensation will collect on the inner walls.


In addition to polyamide, polyester (PES) is also an important material in the construction of a tent. It is often given an additional coating or is siliconized. PES is a synthetic fiber with good moisture-transporting properties and low absorbency, making it particularly suitable for use in tents.

However, some people are allergic to polyester. Since people generally don’t come into contact with the outer tent, this should rarely be a problem.


Like polyester, polyamide (PA), also known as nylon, is a synthetic fiber. PA is characterized by low moisture absorption and fast drying properties. In addition, the fibers are very light, stretchy and elastic.

Polyamide is sensitive to heat so it shouldn’t be exposed to excessively high temperatures.

Polyester / polyamide

Polyester and polyamide are synthetic fibers that have a low absorbency and quickly transport moisture outward. They are light and versatile.


We have put together the following table to show you which combination of materials and coatings are used for our outer tents:




The tent floor has to be very robust to be able to stand up to rocks, moisture, and creatures living in the soil such as ants. The material for VAUDE tent floors is tightly woven and reinforced with ripstop threads. The floors of our Ultralight (UL) tents are even resistant to the formic acid that ants secrete.

Material glossary for tent floors

The following overview shows the combinations of material and coating that we use for our tent floors.




Guylines provide the necessary support for the tent and make it truly windproof and weatherproof. With the aid of tent tensioners, the tent can also be tightened after it’s set up. Some tent tensioners even glow in the dark to make operation easier. Since the distances to the pegs vary, the cord length can also be adjusted.


Poles form the basic structure of a tent and lend it its shape. They shouldn’t be too heavy, but at the same time they have to be able to withstand high forces from wind or rain. All of our poles are easy to handle and quick to set up.

Easy Set Up

To make it easier to set up your tent, all of our tent poles and tent pole components are color coded.


VAUDE only uses quality aluminium poles with internal rubberbands. Aluminum is lightweight and flexible and will bend long before it breaks – an important safety aspect. Broken poles often cause severe damage to the tent material due to the sharp-edges at the break.

If a tent pole should break, each tent comes with a repair tube. So a broken pole can be repaired quickly and easily even during the tour.


For our tents we use high-quality components from the South Korean manufacturers Yunan (Yunan Aluminium Co., Ltd) and DAC (Dong Ah Aluminium Corporation). These two companies are leaders in the development of new product solutions for tent poles. Like VAUDE, these partners attach great importance to social and ecological commitment.

We have even agreed a development partnership with the manufacturer DAC. This enables us to make better and more extensive use of the complete DAC know-how for new developments.


Pegs are used to stake the tent to the ground and tension it properly. They are made from materials such as steel, titanium or aluminum, and differ in size and shape. The most important factor when you’re deciding which type of peg to use is the type of ground the tent will be set up on. The harder the soil, the harder and thinner the peg should be.


Vestibules are spaces between the inner and outer tents that are separated from the sleeping area. They provide room for bulky gear and items that shouldn’t be stored inside the tent (such as wet shoes or muddy bags).


Tents have a variety of guyout points for attaching guylines. These are attached directly to the outer tent and serve to distribute load peaks and stabilize the tent so that it is protected from wind and weather. The more guyout points there are (depending on the tent construction), the more stable your tent will be.


Tents have a variety of guyout points for attaching guylines. Sufficient ventilation is vital if you want to prevent condensation from forming inside your tent.

VAUDE tents have a variety of ventilation options:

Control Air is a window ventilation system that can be fully adjusted from inside the tent.

Ventilation Hood is a rain-protected ventilation area which is regulated via a 4-way zip at the tent entrance (can be opened from both sides in both directions – from above or below).

Ventorama is a generously-sized ventilation system in the tent roof that provides a clear view of star-filled night skies, and which can be easily closed for waterproof protection in rainy weather.